Periodontist FAQ: What Is Periodontitis?

Periodontist FAQ: What Is Periodontitis? from Charles E. Dyer IV, DDS, MS, PC in Cypress, TXFor gum problems, a periodontist is the right person to assess your condition. This dentist can diagnose the issue you are having and provide the right treatment. One of the most common dental problems that people have is periodontitis. Otherwise known as periodontal disease or gum disease, it can range in severity. Mild cases can quickly turn more serious without intervention and prompt attention.

An overview of periodontitis

Gum disease is an infection that damages or destroys the soft tissue of the gums. Untreated, it can eventually affect the bone that holds the teeth in place. Bone loss can occur, which may also lead to a person losing teeth. People of all ages can struggle with this disease. Treatment is available, though gum disease at its most serious stages can be irreversible. A periodontist is a dentist that focuses on the prevention and treatment of the disease and its effects on oral health and overall wellness.

How it starts

Periodontitis develops on the gums as bacteria build up on the gumline and teeth. This can happen due to poor brushing and flossing habits. As sugars and starches remain on the teeth and in the mouth, a sticky film called plaque forms. It will harden and turn into difficult-to-remove tartar. The gums will become inflamed, and pockets of bacteria can develop. As a result, infections will follow, causing pain, discomfort, and sickness.


A periodontist can diagnose gum disease through a routine examination. But there are signs that the patient can see and feel that indicate this condition is present. A person with gum disease may have bleeding gums while flossing or eating. The gums will be swollen and tender as well. A person with periodontitis may have bad breath or loose teeth.

Risk factors

Once the patient learns they have periodontitis, focusing on brushing and flossing is essential. Other treatments can relieve the effects of gum disease and restore the person’s gum health. A process called scaling is often the first approach. A hygienist will use an ultrasonic tool or other instrument to scrape plaque and tartar from the teeth and beneath the gums. Root planing is another option. This technique smooths the root surfaces and helps to prevent further bacterial growth.

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Gum disease prevention and treatment are possible

Just like tooth decay, periodontitis is a dental condition that you want to avoid. The consequences of gum disease can be serious and long-lasting. The key is to brush and floss daily and to visit the dentist regularly. If you are struggling with swollen gums and other symptoms of gums disease, visit a periodontist today. You can enjoy good oral health once more.

Request an appointment or call Charles E. Dyer IV, DDS, MS, PC at 281-213-0900 for an appointment in our Cypress office.

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